The name must Casamicciola likely to figure Nizzola, an old sick of Greek origin who oversaw the eighth century BC with their local waters: dwelt in this part of the island since then began to call home of Nizzola; over the centuries the name has, then, taken version today.
Since the nineteenth century Casamicciola housed personalities such as Giuseppe Garibaldi and Henrik Ibsen, eager to cure their ailments in local healing facilities.
The history of Casamicciola 800 has also experienced a tragic event: July 28, 1883, in fact, a terrible earthquake destroyed her village and since then there is the saying "it seems Casamicciola" when we mean something that is completely destroyed.
Today, this commune lives mostly thermal tourism: the ancient structures have been upgraded and complemented by new ones that provide tourists a pleasant stay and wellness.
The "low" area is undoubtedly the most busy and full of attractions; The center is built around the renovated Piazza Marina which overlooks the famous Bar Calise, a meeting point for the population of the whole island of Ischia.
From Piazza Marina of the main course, a promenade recently converted, characterized by an elegant promenade overlooked by specialty shops and clothing boutiques among the longest of the island.
Behind the course, inward wind characteristic alleyways that connect the fishermen's neighborhoods with the port: it is a dense network of narrow streets that lead through the soul of Casamicciola seamanship and breathe the smells of life for all the days.
Along the course there are also several places of worship: the first is the church of Our Lady of Good Counsel, dear to the sailors; the structure, dating back to the nineteenth century, is spread over a single nave and houses a number of statues of saints and some low-level paintings; outside of note is the historic clock tower marking the day of work of seafarers.
Going forward you find the church of Santa Maria of the seventeenth century Pietà, also of modest size, one aisle, but embellished by the presence of two works by the famous Neapolitan artist Andrea Vaccaro, a Deposition and a Pieta.
Also on the waterfront, but location a little 'inner and raised, is the church of St. Gabriel, opened in 1931 in a very small size and later expanded thanks to land donations of the families in the area. Run by the Passionists for several years, today the church is interesting for its stucco, its columns and its capitals; Significant are also the statues of St. Gabriel and St. Paul of the Cross to the sides of the altar.
The last stretch of the promenade of Casamicciola is dominated by a huge building in ruins: the Pio Monte della Misericordia. It is a mammoth spa of 13,000 square meters, designed to allow even the poorer inhabitants to take care of himself. The institute's foundation dates back to the seventeenth century although the current appearance dates back to the work started at the end of the nineteenth century, after the earthquake, designed by Giuseppe Florio. What is certain is that we are faced with one of the first examples of social spas of Europe.
The Pio Monte della Misericordia is flanked by the road that leads to Piazza Bagni, the area where the thermal baths was born islander. On this square are, in fact, the oldest and most prestigious spas of the island such as Manzi, the Belliazzi, the Lucibello, the former Elizabeth Scioli.
From Piazza Bagni you can reach the area Perrone, working class neighborhood characterized by a dense network of narrow streets, or climb to the Casamicciola zone "above".
This area, the hardest hit by the earthquake of 1883, is now dominated by the St. Mary Magdalene Church: Built in 1896, it has a neoclassical style and is divided into three naves; Very large is the church that overlooks a tree-lined square where the day July 22 is the festival in honor of Our Lady to which the church is dedicated. From here you can climb again towards Rita, famous for the natural mud or proceed to Majo square, the old center of Casamicciola above, before the earthquake. The woods that surround this area are the real green lung of the island and are very popular in the fall season by those who go to mushrooms; some paths, then, allow the ascension to the top of Epomeo, the island's highest peak.
Casamicciola above you can enjoy an enviable view: especially in the Sentinel the view area on the Marina and the harbor is fascinating: here in the past have spent happy days Garibaldi, Ibsen and Benedetto Croce; Here it is also the geophysical observatory, built after the earthquake of 1883, to study the island's seismic activity.
Interesting is also the area of ​​Casamicciola pine forests, on the border with the town of Ischia: it extends around the crater of Rotaro, one of the ancient mouths of the volcano Epomeo and not only from the naturalistic point of view, it is worth known for its wonderful view of the whole north-eastern side of the island. Of importance is, finally, the very crater of Rotaro, covered basin of trees with a diameter of 375 meters: it is one of the most obvious signs of ancient volcanic activity of Ischia.
The border area between Casamicciola and Ischia Porto feature views of the sea, two other wonders related to spas: the Castiglione thermal park and Bagnitiello sources.
Perched on a stretch of coast overlooking the sea, the Thermal Park Castiglione is one of the most important thermal parks of the island; on terraces overlooking the sea are available to the thermal pools and rooms used to the care of the person making it very welcoming although smaller than other parks on the island.
The Bagnitiello sources are always on the way to Ischia but a few hundred meters before the entrance of Castiglione. These are natural sources that in some places reaches 40 ° C, the benefits of which are accessible through the factory set on a series of walkways overlooking the sea, where you can spend a relaxing day.

CASAMICCIOLA TERME: HISTORY

Casamicciola is the first spa town between all the municipalities of the Island. To those coming from Ischia (writes G. Deuringer) Casamicciola looks like a real country-crib sea. In fine weather in the hills and the hills in sweet ode green and flowering ranging from Sentry to Taborre seems that Casamicciola surrenders to the slope up to the shore .... is said to derive from Casamicciola House Nisola named after the Greek maiden eritrese Nisula, who, crippled can not escape during the eruption of Mount Rotaro in '700 BC remained in this pleasant place where healed by the virtues of the local thermal waters.
When in other municipalities, except for some sources, the spas was just a generic term scientific Casamicciola was already in the thermal field a "steam locomotive" marching to a cutting-edge rhythm. In Casamicciola or better to Casamicciola Baths The foreigners came from all over Italy. Scientists, poets and artists were staying in the famous city. distinguished guests were Benedetto Croce and De Rivaz. Until the second half of the 800 Casamicciola possessed first-order complex thermal. Large establishments as the "Pio Monte della Misericordia" the Belliazzi spas on the historical source of Gurgitello and spas Manzi. In Manzi spas it is still preserved and to visit the tub where Giuseppe Garibaldi in 1864 made some bathrooms for injury (and pains) reported on the Aspromonte.
In the whole area of ​​Piazza Bagni They work many spas. At the center of the square is the entrance of the ancient spas Manzi recently expanded and rimodernante with Pompeian columns that adorn the entrance porch. The Belliazzi spas, Fiola thermal baths, Bad Weather spas, spas Elizabeth (ex Scioli), spas Stefania, Miramonte Spa and Sea offer first-quality care: spa industry in the coming years will become Piazza Bagni "The garden of a united Europe" . In all the area are delightful family-run guest houses, bars, restaurants and many commercial activities in construction. All to provide a peaceful and offer and hospitality with love and professionalism to new "swimmers" and to offer the holiday formula equals health.

(Medical Guide to cures of Ischia - Dr. A. Mazza)

CASAMICCIOLA TERME: RESERVOIRS AND SOURCES

Il “Bacino del Gurgitello” occupa un’estesa zona e trovasi ai piedi della collinetta Ombrasco in località “Piazza Bagni” centro e cuore della cittadina termale. Johannes da Casamicciola, G. Jasolino e il De Quinzi già nel ’300, ’500, ’700 scrissero numerosi trattati sul potere benefico e curativo di tali acque. Nel 1757 d’Aloisio scisse un imponente volume di 488 pagine dal titolo ” L’infermo istruito nel vero salutevole uso de’ rimedi minerali dell’Isola d’Ischia“. Nel 1835 J. E. Chevalley De Rivaz medico di origine franco-svizzero, ma stabilmente vissuto a Casamicciola scrisse “Description des eaux minero-thermales et des ètudes de ille d’Ischia” dove citava ampiamente le acque del grande bacino del Gurgitello. Confluiscono in tale bacino tutte le sorgenti locali dette del Gurgitello, Ombrasco, Cappone, Olivi, Tamburo, Dello Stomaco, dell’Oro, Argento, Ferro, dell’Occhio (bagno fresco). Le acque di tali sorgenti sono tutte salso-bicarbonate alcaline. Il secondo bacino “Vallone -La Rita” comprende il bacino del Cotto e bacino “La Rita”. L’acqua di “La Rita”, cura le malattie dell’apparato digerente, del ricambio, artotroreumatiche, le malattie cerebrospinali, quelle degli organi genitali. Essa è limpida, inodore, incolore di sapore prevalentemente salino e manifesta una reazione altamente alcalina.
The medical mud (mineral water + mud) of the Quarry "La Rita" used by the establishments of St. Rita Monti Francesco, Rita S. Michele Castagna, S. Rita Castagna Luigi is gray, load, pasty, sticky, of alkaline reaction, labeled solforato.L'acqua smell of hydrogen that is mineralized carbonated clorurasodica.
Are numerous and surprising results obtained in severe illness and rebels in all pharmaceutical care -The sludge applications The Rita - write the Morgera - made public by practical reason islanders, invogliarono the most powerful Neapolitan doctors and surgeons to try the virtues and test the effectiveness in different and serious illnesses, and the wonderful benefits obtained in many years in a row exceeded their expectation.
Now is the involvement writes Morgera- of hydrotherapists and the public of all civilized nations that sludge "The Rita" Youths in the following diseases: chronic synovitis, idrarti, deforming arthritis, paralysis, contractures hysterical rheumatic peripherals, muscle tendon retractions, incomplete ankylosis , incipient rickets, recent infantile paralysis, glandular jams, fractures, dislocations, skin disorders.

(Medical Guide to cures of Ischia - Dr. A. Mazza)

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